Learning Focus

Make Venn diagrams, tree diagrams, and two-way tables for data.

Use representations to find probabilities.

What kind of probability statements are easiest to find with each representation?

Open Up the Math: Launch, Explore, Discuss

Amara thinks that chocolate ice cream is the greatest! She cannot even imagine someone saying that bland vanilla is better. She claims that chocolate is the favorite ice cream around the world. Her friend, Isla, thinks that vanilla is much better and more popular. To settle the argument, they created a survey asking people to choose their favorite ice cream flavor between chocolate and vanilla. After completing the survey, the following results came back:

• There were teens (ages ) and adults (age or older).

• Out of all the adults, chose vanilla over chocolate.

• teens chose chocolate.

1.

Upon first observations, which flavor do you think “won”? Write a sentence describing what you see at first glance that makes you think this.

2.

Isla started to organize the data in the following two-way table. Complete the table using counts, not percentages:

Chocolate

Vanilla

Total

Teens

Total

3.

Organize the same data into the Venn diagram that Amara started.

4.

Now, put the same data in a tree diagram:

5.

Find .

b.

Explain how to use the two-way table to find the probability.

c.

Explain how to use the Venn diagram.

d.

Explain how to use the tree diagram.

6.

Find .

b.

Explain how to use the two-way table to find the probability.

c.

Explain how to use the Venn diagram.

d.

Explain how to use the tree diagram.

7.

Find each of these probabilities:

8.

Write statements to describe these probabilities:

9.

Which flavor do you think is actually the favorite? Using your organized data representations, write at least three probabilities that help support your claim regarding the preferred flavor of ice cream. For each probability, write a complete statement that includes probability notation.

Some studies suggest that students that like math also like music. To test that idea, Luca did a survey of students in his school to find out which math or music courses they were enrolled in. He used his results to create the following Venn diagram:

Some studies suggest that students that like math also like music. To test that idea, Luca did a survey of students in his school to find out which math or music courses they were enrolled in. He used his results to create the Venn diagram shown:

Find the following probabilities:

Takeaways

Highlighted (easier to see)

Hidden

Tree diagram

Tree diagram

Two-way table

Two-way table

Venn diagram

Venn diagram

Lesson Summary

In this lesson, we learned to use two-way tables and Venn diagrams, along with tree diagrams, to find conditional, compound, and basic probabilities. We compared the representations to understand what information is easy to read from a given representation and what information may not be as evident in a representation, so that we can make choices about the representations we use for a given situation.

Retrieval

For problems 1–4, use the Venn diagram, which represents students’ preferred food (pizza or hamburgers) and students’ favorite sport (baseball or soccer).

1.

How many students said that they prefer soccer?

2.

Where do we find the number of students that prefer baseball?

3.

How many students prefer baseball?

4.

How many total students in the group?

What is of ?

6.

What percent is out of ?