## A–F

AA similarity theorem

Two triangles are similar if they have two corresponding angles that are congruent.

acute angle

An angle whose measure is between and .

is an acute angle.

acute triangle

A triangle with three acute angles.

Angles , , and are all acute angles.

Triangle is an acute triangle.

Two non-overlapping angles with a common vertex and one common side.

alternate exterior angles

A pair of angles formed by a transversal intersecting two lines. The angles lie outside of the two lines and are on opposite sides of the transversal.

See angles made by a transversal.

alternate interior angles

A pair of angles formed by a transversal intersecting two lines. The angles lie between the two lines and are on opposite sides of the transversal.

altitude

Altitude of a triangle:

A perpendicular segment from a vertex to the line containing the base.

Altitude of a solid:

A perpendicular segment from a vertex to the plane containing the base.

Ambiguous Case of the Law of Sines

The Ambiguous Case of the Law of Sines occurs when we are given SSA information about the triangle. Because SSA does not guarantee triangle congruence, there are two possible triangles.

To avoid missing a possible solution for an oblique triangle under these conditions, use the Law of Cosines first to solve for the missing side. Using the quadratic formula to solve for the missing side will make both solutions become apparent.

angle

Two rays that share a common endpoint called the vertex of the angle.

angle bisector

A ray that has its endpoint at the vertex of the angle and divides the angle into two congruent angles.

angle of depression/angle of elevation

Angle of depression: the angle formed by a horizontal line and the line of sight of a viewer looking down. Sometimes called the angle of decline.

Angle of elevation: the angle formed by a horizontal line and the line of sight of a viewer looking up. Sometimes called the angle of incline.

angle of rotation

The fixed point a figure is rotated about is called the center of rotation. If one connects a point in the pre-image, the center of rotation, and the corresponding point in the image, they can see the angle of rotation. A counterclockwise rotation is a rotation in a positive direction. Clockwise is a negative rotation.

angles associated with circles: central angle, inscribed angle, circumscribed angle

Central angle: An angle whose vertex is at the center of a circle and whose sides pass through a pair of points on the circle.

Inscribed angle: An angle formed when two secant lines, or a secant and tangent line, intersect at a point on a circle.

Circumscribed angle: The angle made by two intersecting tangent lines to a circle.

arc length

The distance along the arc of a circle. Part of the circumference.

Equation for finding arc length:

arc of a circle, intercepted arc

Arc: A portion of a circle.

Intercepted arc: The portion of a circle that lies between two lines, rays, or line segments that intersect the circle.

asymptote

A line that a graph approaches, but does not reach. A graph will never touch a vertical asymptote, but it might cross a horizontal or an oblique (also called slant) asymptote.

Horizontal and oblique asymptotes indicate the general behavior of the ends of a graph in both positive and negative directions. If a rational function has a horizontal asymptote, it will not have an oblique asymptote.

Oblique asymptotes only occur when the numerator of has a degree that is one higher than the degree of the denominator.