# Lesson 8Shopping for Cats and DogsDevelop Understanding

## Learning Focus

Develop intuitive strategies for solving systems of linear equations in standard form.

How can I use logical reasoning to solve for two unknown values when I am given two pieces of information about those values?

## Open Up the Math: Launch, Explore, Discuss

Clarita is upset with Carlos because he has been buying cat and dog food without recording the price of each type of food in their accounting records. Instead, Carlos has just recorded the total price of each purchase, even though the total cost includes more than one type of food. Carlos is now trying to figure out the price of each type of food by reviewing some recent purchases.

As Carlos is examining the first set of purchases, he realizes that he can figure out the cost of the individual items just by reasoning about the numbers and the assumption that the price of each item remained the same for each shopping trip. Clarita is surprised that Carlos can find the individual prices without using tables, graphs, or equations.

See if you can reason about these shopping scenarios as well as Carlos by figuring out the cost of each item purchased without using tables, graphs, or equations.

### 1.

One week Carlos bought bags of Tabitha Tidbits and bags of Figaro Flakes for . The next week he bought bags of Tabitha Tidbits and bags of Figaro Flakes for . Based on this information, figure out the price of one bag of each type of cat food. Explain your reasoning.

### 2.

One week Carlos bought bags of Brutus Bites and bags of Milo Munchies for . The next week he bought bags of Brutus Bites and bags of Milo Munchies for . Based on this information, figure out the price of one bag of each type of dog food. Explain your reasoning.

### 3.

Carlos purchased dog leashes and cat brushes for for Clarita to use while pampering the pets. Later in the summer he purchased additional dog leashes and cat brushes for . Based on this information, figure out the price of each item. Explain your reasoning.

Pause and Reflect

### 4.

One week Carlos purchased boxes of cat treats and boxes of dog treats for . The next week, he bought boxes of cat treats and boxes of dog treats for . The third week he bought boxes of both cat and dog treats for . Based on this information, figure out the price of each item. Explain your reasoning.

### 5.

Carlos has noticed that because each of his purchases have been somewhat similar, it has been easy to figure out the cost of each item. However, his last set of receipts has him puzzled. One week he tried out cheaper brands of cat and dog food. On Monday he purchased small bags of cat food and small bags of dog food for . Because he went through the small bags quite quickly, he had to return to the store on Thursday to buy more small bags of cat food and more small bags of dog food, which cost him . Based on this information, figure out the price of each bag of the cheaper cat and dog food. Explain your reasoning.

One week Carlos bought packages of dog bones and packages of cat treats for . Because the finicky cats didn’t like the cat treats, the next week Carlos returned unopened packages of cat treats and bought more packages of dog bones. After being refunded for the cat treats, Carlos only had to pay for his purchase. Based on this information, figure out the price of each item. Explain your reasoning.

## Takeaways

Summarize the strategies you used to reason about the price of individual items in the context of purchasing different combinations of those items. What are some key ideas that seem helpful?

## Lesson Summary

In this lesson, we developed a strategy for finding the price of individual items from knowing the total cost of purchasing different combinations of those items. We realized we could invent purchases that weren’t actually made by doubling or tripling a known purchase or adding two purchases together. Finding two purchases in which the number of one of the items purchased was the same gave us insights into how to find the price of each individual item.

## Retrieval

### 1.

Solve the system of equations graphically, and then state the solution.

Solution:

### 2.

Write an inequality to represent this context. Then list at least five solutions that fit the context.

Context: Fernando plans to donate at least of the money he earned doing work for neighbors over the summer to two different fund raisers at his school.

Inequality

#### b.

Possible solutions