# Lesson 1 Log Logic Develop Understanding

## Learning Focus

Find exact and estimated values of logarithms.

Make conjectures about logarithm properties.

What is a logarithm?

How can we tell if one log expression is bigger than another?

How can we estimate log values?

How do logs relate to exponents?

## Open Up the Math: Launch, Explore, Discuss

We began thinking about logarithms as inverse functions for exponentials in *Tracking the Tortoise*. Logarithmic functions are interesting and useful on their own. In the next few tasks, we will be working on understanding logarithmic expressions, logarithmic functions, and logarithmic operations on equations.

We showed the inverse relationship between exponential and logarithmic functions using a diagram like the one shown:

We could summarize this relationship by saying:

Logarithms can be defined for any base associated with an exponential function. Base

The notation may seem different, but you can see the inverse pattern where the inputs and outputs switch.

The next few problems will give you an opportunity to practice thinking about this pattern and possibly make a few conjectures about other patterns related to logarithms.

### 1.

Place the following expressions on the number line. Explain how you knew where to place each expression.

Explain:

A conjecture about logarithmic expressions based on problem 1:

### 2.

Explain:

A conjecture about logarithmic expressions based on problem 2:

Pause and Reflect

### 3.

Explain:

A conjecture about logarithmic expressions based on problem 3:

### 4.

Explain:

A conjecture about logarithmic expressions based on problem 4:

### 5.

Explain:

A conjecture about logarithmic expressions based on problem 5:

### 6.

Explain:

A conjecture about logarithmic expressions based on problem 6:

### 7.

Explain:

A conjecture about logarithmic expressions based on problem 7:

### 8.

Explain:

A conjecture about logarithmic expressions based on problem 8:

Based on your work with logarithmic expressions, determine whether each of these statements is always true, sometimes true, or never true. If the statement is sometimes true, describe the conditions that make it true. Explain your answers.

### 9.

The value of

Explain:

### 10.

Explain:

### 11.

Explain:

### 12.

Explain:

### 13.

Explain:

### 14.

Explain:

## Ready for More?

Find the value of:

For what values of

## Takeaways

Properties of Logarithms:

## Vocabulary

- argument of a logarithm
- base of a logarithm
**Bold**terms are new in this lesson.

## Lesson Summary

In this lesson, we found exact and approximate values for logarithmic expressions. We drew conclusions about properties of logarithms that are always true. We also identified characteristics of logarithmic functions that will help us to graph logarithms in the next lesson.

### 1.

The graph of

#### a.

Three points are noted on

#### b.

Describe in words the transformation on

#### c.

Write the equation for

### 2.

Rewrite