Grade 3Glossary

algorithm
Unit 3 Lesson 6

A set of steps that works every time as long as the steps are carried out correctly.

angle in a shape
Unit 7 Lesson 1

The space where 2 sides of a shape meet.

area
Unit 2 Lesson 3, Unit 2 Lesson 4

The number of square units that cover a flat figure without gaps or overlaps.

array
Unit 1 Lesson 16

An arrangement of objects in rows and columns. Each column must contain the same number of objects as the other columns, and each row must have the same number of objects as the other rows.

bar graph
Unit 1 Lesson 1

A way to show how many in each group or category using the length of rectangles.

denominator
Unit 5 Lesson 7

The bottom part of a fraction that tells how many equal parts the whole was partitioned into.

division
Unit 4 Lesson 2

Finding the number of groups or finding the size of each group when we share into groups of equal size.

divisor
Unit 4 Lesson 4

The number we are dividing by which can represent the size of the groups or the number of groups.

equation
Unit 1 Lesson 13

A statement that includes an equal sign (=). It tells us that what is on one side of the sign is equal to what is on the other side.

equivalent fractions
Unit 5 Lesson 10

Fractions that have the same size and describe the same point on the number line. For example, and are equivalent fractions.

expanded form
Unit 3 Lesson 1

A specific way of writing a number as a sum of hundreds, tens, and ones.

Expanded form writes a number as a sum of the value of each digit. Example: 482 written in expanded form is .

expression
Unit 1 Lesson 10

An expression has at least 2 numbers and at least one math operation (such as addition, subtraction, multiplication and division).

factor
Unit 1 Lesson 13

When we multiply two whole numbers to get a product, each of those numbers is a factor of the product.

fraction
Unit 5 Lesson 1

A number used to describe the parts of a whole that has been partitioned into equal parts.

gram
Unit 6 Lesson 6

A weight unit that is part of the metric measurement system. 

There are 1,000 grams in a kilogram.

key
Unit 1 Lesson 1

The part of a picture graph that tells what each picture represents.

kilogram
Unit 6 Lesson 6

A weight unit that is part of the metric measurement system. 

There are 1,000 grams in a kilogram.

liquid volume
Unit 6 Lesson 7

The amount of space that a liquid takes up.

liter
Unit 6 Lesson 7

A liquid volume unit that is part of the metric measurement system.

mixed number
Unit 6 Lesson 1

A number expressed as a whole number and a fraction less than 1. 

multiplication
Unit 1 Lesson 9

The operation that tells you the total number of objects when you have a certain number of equal groups.

numerator
Unit 5 Lesson 7

The top part of a fraction that tells how many of the equal parts are being described.

parentheses
Unit 2 Lesson 12

Grouping symbols that can be used in expressions or equations, such as: .

perimeter
Unit 7 Lesson 6

A perimeter is the boundary of a flat shape. We can find the length of the perimeter by finding the sum of the lengths of the sides of the shape.

picture graph
Unit 1 Lesson 1

A way to show how many in each group or category using pictures of the objects or symbols.

product
Unit 1 Lesson 13, Unit 1 Lesson 15

The result of multiplying some numbers.

quotient
Unit 4 Lesson 6

The result in a division equation.

right angle in a shape
Unit 7 Lesson 1

The angle in the corner of a square or a rectangle.

rounding
Unit 3 Lesson 14

A formal way to say which number a given number is closer to. For example, for 182, the number 180 is the closest multiple of ten and 200 is the closest multiple of a hundred. We can round 182 to 180 (if rounding to the nearest ten) or 200 (if rounding to the nearest hundred).

scaled bar graph
Unit 1 Lesson 5

A bar graph marked in multiples of some number other than 1.

scaled picture graph
Unit 1 Lesson 3

A picture graph where each picture represents an amount other than 1.

square centimeter
Unit 2 Lesson 6

A square with side lengths of 1 centimeter.

square foot
Unit 2 Lesson 7

A square with side lengths of 1 foot.

square inch
Unit 2 Lesson 6

A square with side lengths of 1 inch.

square meter
Unit 2 Lesson 7

A square with side lengths of 1 meter.

unit fraction
Unit 5 Lesson 3

A fraction with 1 in the numerator.

weight
Unit 6 Lesson 6, Unit 6 Lesson 8

How heavy something is.