Lesson 10The Distributive Property, Part 2
Let's use rectangles to understand the distributive property with variables.
Learning Targets:
 I can use a diagram of a split rectangle to write different expressions with variables representing its area.
10.1 Possible Areas
 A rectangle has a width of 4 units and a length of units. Write an expression for the area of this rectangle.
 What is the area of the rectangle if is 3 units? 2.2 units? unit?
 Could the area of this rectangle be 11 square units? Why or why not?
10.2 Partitioned Rectangles When Lengths are Unknown

Here are two rectangles. The length and width of one rectangle are 8 and 5. The width of the other rectangle is 5, but its length is unknown so we labeled it . Write an expression for the sum of the areas of the two rectangles.

The two rectangles can be composed into one larger rectangle as shown. What are the width and length of the new, large rectangle?
 Write an expression for the total area of the large rectangle as the product of its width and its length.
10.3 Areas of Partitioned Rectangles
For each rectangle, write expressions for the length and width and two expressions for the total area. Record them in the table. Check your expressions in each row with your group and discuss any disagreements.
width  length  area as a product of width times length 
area as a sum of the areas of the smaller rectangles 

Are you ready for more?
Here is an area diagram of a rectangle.
 Find the lengths , , , and , and the area . All values are whole numbers.
 Can you find another set of lengths that will work? How many possibilities are there?
Lesson 10 Summary
Here is a rectangle composed of two smaller rectangles A and B.
Based on the drawing, we can make several observations about the area of the rectangle:
 One side length of the large rectangle is 3 and the other is , so its area is .
 Since the large rectangle can be decomposed into two smaller rectangles, A and B, with no overlap, the area of the large rectangle is also the sum of the areas of rectangles A and B: or .
 Since both expressions represent the area of the large rectangle, they are equivalent to each other. is equivalent to .
We can see that multiplying 3 by the sum is equivalent to multiplying 3 by 2 and then 3 by and adding the two products. This relationship is an example of the distributive property.
Lesson 10 Practice Problems

Here is a rectangle.
 Explain why the area of the large rectangle is .
 Explain why the area of the large rectangle is .

Is the area of the shaded rectangle or ?
Explain how you know.

Choose the expressions that do not represent the total area of the rectangle. Select all that apply.

Evaluate each expression mentally.

Select all the expressions that are equivalent to .

Solve each equation. Show your reasoning.

Andre ran laps of a track in 8 minutes at a constant speed. It took Andre minutes to run each lap. Select all the equations that represent this situation.