Lesson 8Scale Drawings and Maps
Let’s use scale drawings to solve problems.
- I can use a map and its scale to solve problems about traveling.
8.1 A Train and a Car
Two cities are 243 miles apart.
It takes a train 4 hours to travel between the two cities at a constant speed.
- A car travels between the two cities at a constant speed of 65 miles per hour.
Which is traveling faster, the car or the train? Be prepared to explain your reasoning.
8.2 Driving on I-90
- A driver is traveling at a constant speed on Interstate 90 outside of Chicago. If she traveled from Point A to Point B in 8 minutes, did she obey the speed limit of 55 miles per hour? Explain your reasoning.
- A traffic helicopter flew directly from Point A to Point B in 8 minutes. Did the helicopter travel faster or slower than the driver? Explain or show your reasoning.
Use the Distance toolto measure the shortest distance between two points.
8.3 Biking through Kansas
A cyclist rides at a constant speed of 15 miles per hour. At this speed, about how long would it take the cyclist to ride from Garden City to Dodge City, Kansas?
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Lesson 8 Summary
Maps with scales are useful for making calculations involving speed, time, and distance. Here is a map of part of Alabama.
Suppose it takes a car 1 hour and 30 minutes to travel at constant speed from Birmingham to Montgomery. How fast is the car traveling?
To make an estimate, we need to know about how far it is from Birmingham to Montgomery. The scale of the map represents 20 miles, so we can estimate the distance between these cities is about 90 miles.
Since 90 miles in 1.5 hours is the same speed as 180 miles in 3 hours, the car is traveling about 60 miles per hour.
Suppose a car is traveling at a constant speed of 60 miles per hour from Montgomery to Centreville. How long will it take the car to make the trip? Using the scale, we can estimate that it is about 70 miles. Since 60 miles per hour is the same as 1 mile per minute, it will take the car about 70 minutes (or 1 hour and 10 minutes) to make this trip.
Lesson 8 Practice Problems
Here is a map that shows parts of Texas and Oklahoma.
About how far is it from Amarillo to Oklahoma City? Explain your reasoning.
Driving at a constant speed of 70 miles per hour, will it be possible to make this trip in 3 hours? Explain how you know.
A local park is in the shape of a square. A map of the local park is made with the scale 1 inch to 200 feet.
- If the park is shown as a square on the map, each side of which is one foot long, how long is each side of the square park?
- If a straight path in the park is 900 feet long, how long would the path be when represented on the map?