Lesson 11Dividing Rational Numbers
Let's divide signed numbers.
Learning Targets:
 I can divide rational numbers.
11.1 Tell Me Your Sign
Consider the equation:
Without computing:
 Is the solution to this equation positive or negative?
 Are either of these two numbers solutions to the equation?
11.2 Multiplication and Division

Find the missing values in the equations

 Rewrite the unknown factor problems as division problems.

Complete the sentences. Be prepared to explain your reasoning.

The sign of a positive number divided by a positive number is always:

The sign of a positive number divided by a negative number is always:

The sign of a negative number divided by a positive number is always:

The sign of a negative number divided by a negative number is always:


Han and Clare walk towards each other at a constant rate, meet up, and then continue past each other in opposite directions. We will call the position where they meet up 0 feet and the time when they meet up 0 seconds.

Han's velocity is 4 feet per second.

Clare's velocity is 5 feet per second.

Where is each person 10 seconds before they meet up?

When is each person at the position 10 feet from the meeting place?

Are you ready for more?
It is possible to make a new number system using only the numbers 0, 1, 2, and 3. We will write the symbols for multiplying in this system like this: . The table shows some of the products.
0  1  2  3  

0  0  0  0  0 
1  1  2  3  
2  0  2  
3 
 In this system, and . How can you see that in the table?
 What do you think is?
 What about ?
 What do you think the solution to is?
 What about ?
11.3 Drilling Down
A water well drilling rig has dug to a height of 60 feet after one full day of continuous use.
 Assuming the rig drilled at a constant rate, what was the height of the drill after 15 hours?
 If the rig has been running constantly and is currently at a height of 147.5 feet, for how long has the rig been running?

Use the coordinate grid to show the drill’s progress.

At this rate, how many hours will it take until the drill reaches 250 feet?
Lesson 11 Summary
Any division problem is actually a multiplication problem:
 because
 because
 because
 because
Because we know how to multiply signed numbers, that means we know how to divide them.
 The sign of a positive number divided by a negative number is always negative.
 The sign of a negative number divided by a positive number is always negative.
 The sign of a negative number divided by a negative number is always positive.
Lesson 11 Practice Problems

Find the quotients:

Find the quotients.

Is the solution positive or negative?

Find the solution mentally.

In order to make a specific shade of green paint, a painter mixes quarts of blue paint, 2 cups of green paint, and gallon of white paint. How much of each color is needed to make 100 cups of this shade of green paint?

Here is a list of the highest and lowest elevation on each continent.
highest point (m) lowest point (m) Europe 4,810 28 Asia 8,848 427 Africa 5,895 155 Australia 4,884 15 North America 6,198 86 South America 6,960 105 Antarctica 4,892 50  Which continent has the largest difference in elevation? The smallest?
 Make a display (dot plot, box plot, or histogram) of the data set and explain why you chose that type of display to represent this data set.