# Lesson 4 Prove It with Algebra Practice Understanding

## Learning Focus

Prove quadrilaterals are parallelograms, rectangles, rhombi, or squares using coordinates.

Find the perimeter and area of a quadrilateral on the coordinate plane.

How do I use algebra to show that a quadrilateral is a parallelogram, a rectangle, a rhombus, or a square?

## Open Up the Math: Launch, Explore, Discuss

In this task you need to use all the things you know about quadrilaterals, distance, and slope to prove that the shapes are parallelograms, rectangles, rhombi, or squares. Be systematic and be sure that you give all the evidence necessary to verify your claim.

### 1.

#### a.

Is

#### b.

Is

### 2.

#### a.

Is

#### b.

Is

### 3.

#### a.

Is

#### b.

Is

### 4.

#### a.

Is

#### b.

Find the perimeter and area of the quadrilateral.

### 5.

Find the midpoint of side

and side of the triangle. Label these midpoints and . What relationship exists between segment and side of the triangle? Explain how you know. Now find the point

of the distance from to and of the distance from to in the triangle. Label these points and . What relationship exists between segment and side of the triangle? Explain how you know.

## Ready for More?

Find the midpoints of each of the sides of quadrilateral

## Takeaways

Ways to use coordinates to prove quadrilaterals are parallelograms, rectangles, rhombi, or squares:

## Lesson Summary

In this lesson, we used the distance formula, the midpoint rule, and the properties of slopes of parallel and perpendicular lines to determine if a given set of 4 points on a coordinate plane formed the vertices of a parallelogram, rectangle, rhombus, or square.

### 1.

Find the values that will make the equations true.

#### a.

#### b.

### 2.

How many combinations of values for

### 3.

Find the perimeter of pentagon