Unit 3 Solving Quadratic Equations
Solve quadratic equations graphically and algebraically.
Make connections between solving quadratic equations and graphing quadratic functions.
In this lesson, we learned methods for solving quadratic equations. Some quadratic equations can be solved using inverse operations and taking the square root of both sides of the equations. Some quadratic equations can be solved by factoring and using the zero product property. Some quadratic equations can be solved by completing the square and then using inverse operations. Quadratic equations that have real solutions can also be solved by graphing, and each of these algebraic methods has connections to graphing.
Understand and use a formula for solving quadratic equations.
In this lesson, we found a formula by completing the square for solving quadratic equations. We used the quadratic formula to find exact and approximate solutions to quadratic equations and connected those solutions to the graphs of quadratic functions. We learned to rewrite exact solutions so that fractions do not contain common factors in the numerator and denominator and the square roots do not contain factors that are perfect squares.
Solve quadratic equations efficiently and accurately.
Solve systems of quadratic and linear equations.
In this lesson, we compared methods for solving quadratic equations. We found that some equations lend themselves to one method, and other equations are more efficiently solved with other methods. Using technology to graph is always a useful way to check solutions.
Write quadratic functions in vertex, factored, and standard form.
Find roots of a quadratic function.
Use the roots of a quadratic function to write the function in factored form.
In this lesson, we examined solutions to quadratic equations and connected them with the graph of the function. Solutions for a quadratic equation can be used to write the function in factored form in a process that is the reverse of solving an equation by factoring. We found that when the graph of the quadratic function did not cross the
Relate irrational numbers to physical quantities such as the hypotenuse of a right triangle.
Understand expressions that contain negative numbers inside a square root, like
Add, subtract, and multiply complex numbers.
In this lesson, we connected irrational numbers to the measure of geometric figures and showed where a given irrational number is located on the number line. We found irrational solutions of quadratic equations and used the solutions to write the equation in factored form. We also learned of a new set of numbers defined in terms of
Support or challenge claims about different types of numbers and the result of adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing.
In this lesson, we examined claims about sets of numbers and the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. An example of such a claim is: The quotient of two whole numbers is always a whole number. A counterexample that shows this claim to be false is:
Solve quadratic inequalities both graphically and algebraically.
Interpret solutions to quadratic inequalities that arise from context.
In this lesson, we developed a strategy for solving quadratic inequalities. The procedure involves solving the related quadratic equation and then using the graph or testing values to find the intervals that are solutions to the inequality. If the inequality represents a real context, the solutions must be interpreted so that they fit the situation.
Graph complex numbers in the complex plane.
Use vectors to add, subtract, and multiply complex numbers.
Divide complex numbers.
Find the distance and the midpoint between two complex numbers.
In this lesson we wrote formulas and used vectors to justify the basic operations on complex numbers. We represented complex numbers as vectors and points on the complex plane. Vector representation provided a way to examine the size of a complex number, called the modulus. We learned to divide complex numbers, to find the distance between two complex numbers, and the average of two complex numbers.