# Lesson 5Decimal Points in Products

Let’s look at products that are decimals.

### Learning Targets:

• I can use place value and fractions to reason about multiplication of decimals.

## 5.1Multiplying by 10

1. In which equation is the value of the largest?

2. How many times the size of 0.81 is 810?

## 5.2Fractionally Speaking: Powers of Ten

Work with a partner to answer the following questions. One person should answer the questions labeled “Partner A,” and the other should answer those labeled “Partner B.” Then compare the results.

1. Find each product or quotient. Be prepared to explain your reasoning.

Partner A

Partner B

2. Use your work in the previous problems to find and . Explain your reasoning.
Pause here for a class discussion.
3. Find each product. Show your reasoning.

4. Jada says: “If you multiply a number by 0.001, the decimal point of the number moves three places to the left.” Do you agree with her statement? Explain your reasoning.

## 5.3Fractionally Speaking: Multiples of Powers of Ten

1. Select all expressions that are equivalent to . Be prepared to explain your reasoning.

2. Find the value of . Show your reasoning.
3. Find the value of each product by writing and reasoning with an equivalent expression with fractions.

### Are you ready for more?

Ancient Romans used the letter I for 1, V for 5, X for 10, L for 50, C for 100, D for 500, and M for 1,000.

Write a problem involving merchants at an agora, an open-air market, that uses multiplication of numbers written with Roman numerals.

## Lesson 5 Summary

We can use fractions like and  to reason about the location of the decimal point in a product of two decimals.

Let’s take as an example. There are several ways to find the product:

• We can interpret it as 24 groups of 1 tenth (or 24 tenths), which is 2.4.
• We can think of it as , which is equal to (and also equal to 2.4).
• Multiplying by has the same result as dividing by 10, so we can also think of the product as , which is equal to 2.4.

Similarly, we can think of  as 7 tenths times 9 hundredths, and write:

We can rearrange whole numbers and fractions:

This tells us that .

Here is another example: To find , we can think of 1.5 as 15 tenths and 0.43 as 43 hundredths. We can write the tenths and hundredths as fractions and rearrange the factors.

Multiplying 15 and 43 gives us 645, and multiplying and gives us . So  is , which is 0.645.

## Lesson 5 Practice Problems

1. Find the product of each number and .

122.1

11.8

1350.1

1.704

2. What happens to the decimal point of the original number when you multiply it by ? Why do you think that is? Explain your reasoning.
1. Which expression has the same value as ? Select all that apply.

1. 0.00924
2. Calculate the value of each expression by writing the decimal factors as fractions, then writing their product as a decimal. Show your reasoning.

3. Write three numerical expressions that are equivalent to .
4. Calculate each sum.

5. Calculate each difference. Show your reasoning.

6. On the grid, draw a quadrilateral that is not a rectangle that has an area of 18 square units. Show how you know the area is 18 square units.