Lesson 6Methods for Multiplying Decimals
Let’s look at some ways we can represent multiplication of decimals.
- I can use area diagrams to represent and reason about multiplication of decimals.
- I know and can explain more than one way to multiply decimals using fractions and place value.
6.1 Which One Doesn’t Belong: Products
Which expression doesn’t belong? Explain your reasoning.
6.2 Using Properties of Numbers to Reason about Multiplication
- Elena and Noah used different methods to compute . Both computations were correct.
Analyze the two methods, then discuss these questions with your partner.
- Which method makes more sense to you? Why?
- What might Elena do to compute ? What might Noah do to compute ? Will the two methods result in the same value?
Compute each product using the equation and what you know about fractions, decimals, and place value. Explain or show your reasoning.
6.3 Using Area Diagrams to Reason about Multiplication
In the diagram, the side length of each square is 0.1 unit.
- Explain why the area of each square is not 0.1 square unit.
- How can you use the area of each square to find the area of the rectangle? Explain or show your reasoning.
- Explain how the diagram shows that the equation is true.
Label the squares with their side lengths so the area of this rectangle represents .
- What is the area of each square?
- Use the squares to help you find . Explain or show your reasoning.
- Label the squares with their side lengths so the area of this rectangle represents .
Next, use the diagram to help you find . Explain or show your reasoning.
Lesson 6 Summary
Here are three other ways to calculate a product of two decimals such as .
First, we can multiply each decimal by the same power of 10 to obtain whole-number factors.
Because we multiplied both 0.04 and 0.07 by 100 to get 4 and 7, the product 28 is times the original product, so we need to divide 28 by 10,000.
- Second, we can write each decimal as a fraction, and , and multiply them.
Third, we can use an area model. The product can be thought of as the area of a rectangle with side lengths of 0.04 unit and 0.07 unit.
In this diagram, each small square is 0.01 unit by 0.01 unit. Its area, in square units, is therefore , which is .
Because the rectangle is composed of 28 small squares, its area, in square units, must be:
All three calculations show that .
Lesson 6 Practice Problems
Find each product. Show your reasoning.
You can use a rectangle to represent .
- What must the side length of each square represent for the rectangle to correctly represent ?
- What area is represented by each square?
- What is ? Show your reasoning.
One gallon of gasoline in Buffalo, New York costs $2.29. In Toronto, Canada, one liter of gasoline costs $0.91. There are 3.8 liters in one gallon.
- How much does one gallon of gas cost in Toronto? Round your answer to the nearest cent.
- Is the cost of gas greater in Buffalo or in Toronto? How much greater?
- Calculate each sum or difference.
Find the value of using any method.
Find the area of the shaded region. All angles are right angles. Show your reasoning.
- Priya finds by calculating , then moving the decimal point three places to the left. Why does Priya’s method make sense?
- Use Priya’s method to calculate . You can use the fact that .
- Use Priya’s method to calculate .