Lesson 8Relating Area to Circumference

Let’s rearrange circles to calculate their areas.

Learning Targets:

  • I can explain how the area of a circle and its circumference are related to each other.
  • I know the formula for area of a circle.

8.1 Irrigating a Field

A circular field is set into a square with an 800 m side length. Estimate the field's area.

A circle inside a 800 meter by 800 meter square.
  1. About 5,000 m2
  2. About 50,000 m2
  3. About 500,000 m2
  4. About 5,000,000 m2
  5. About 50,000,000 m2

8.2 Making a Polygon out of a Circle

Your teacher will give you a circular object, a marker, and two pieces of paper of different colors.

Follow these instructions to create a visual display:

  1. Using a thick marker, trace your circle in two separate places on the same piece of paper.

  2. Cut out both circles, cutting around the marker line.

  3. Fold and cut one of the circles into fourths.

  4. Arrange the fourths so that straight sides are next to each other, but the curved edges are alternately on top and on bottom. Pause here so your teacher can review your work.

  5. Fold and cut the fourths in half to make eighths. Arrange the eighths next to each other, like you did with the fourths.

  6. If your pieces are still large enough, repeat the previous step to make sixteenths.

  7. Glue the remaining circle and the new shape onto a piece of paper that is a different color.

After you finish gluing your shapes, answer the following questions.

  1. How do the areas of the two shapes compare?

  2. What polygon does the shape made of the circle pieces most resemble?

  3. How could you find the area of this polygon?

8.3 Making Another Polygon out of a Circle

Imagine a circle made of rings that can bend but not stretch.

A ring of circles in three stages. The first image is a circle made of 5 rings. The second circle shows a cut from an outter point on the circle to the center and is labeled, "The rings are unrolled." The third circle shows 6 rows of the unrolled rings stacked one on top of the other. Starting from the bottom row, each row is shorter than the previous row and is labeled, "The circle has been made into a new shape."

Watch the animation.

Created in GeoGebra by timteachesmath.

  1. What polygon does the new shape resemble?

  2. How does the area of the polygon compare to the area of the circle?

  3. How can you find the area of the polygon?

  4. Show, in detailed steps, how you could find the area in terms of the circle’s measures. Show your thinking. Organize it so it can be followed by others.

  5. After you finish, trade papers with a partner and check each other’s work. If you disagree, work to reach an agreement. Discuss:

    • Do you agree or disagree with each step?

    • Is there a way they can make the explanation clearer?

  6. Revise your explanation based on your partner’s feedback.

8.4 Tiling a Table

Elena wants to tile the top of a circular table. The diameter of the table top is 28 inches. What is its area?

Are you ready for more?

A box contains 20 square tiles that are 2 inches on each side. How many boxes of tiles will Elena need to tile the table?

Lesson 8 Summary

If C is a circle’s circumference and r is its radius, then C=2\pi r . The area of a circle can be found by taking the product of half the circumference and the radius.

If A is the area of the circle, this gives the equation:

A = \frac12 (2\pi r) \boldcdot r

This equation can be rewritten as:

A=\pi r^2

This means that if we know the radius, we can find the area. For example, if a circle has radius 10 cm, then the area is about (3.14) \boldcdot 100 which is 314 cm2.

If we know the diameter, we can figure out the radius, and then we can find the area. For example, if a circle has a diameter of 30 ft, then the radius is 15 ft, and the area is about (3.14) \boldcdot 225 which is approximately 707 ft2.

Lesson 8 Practice Problems

  1. The picture shows a circle divided into 8 equal wedges which are rearranged.

    wo shapes. The first shape is a circle divided into 8 identical wedges. The second shape is the same 8 wedges arranged horizontally, alternating between wedges with their arc ends on top and wedges with their arc ends on the bottom, making a shape somewhat like a rectangle.

    The radius of the circle is r and its circumference is 2\pi r . How does the picture help to explain why the area of the circle is \pi r^2 ?

  2. A circle’s circumference is approximately 76 cm. Estimate the radius, diameter, and area of the circle.

  3. Jada paints a circular table that has a diameter of 37 inches. What is the area of the table?

  4. The Carousel on the National Mall has 4 rings of horses. Kiran is riding on the inner ring, which has a radius of 9 feet. Mai is riding on the outer ring, which is 8 feet farther out from the center than the inner ring is.

    1. In one rotation of the carousel, how much farther does Mai travel than Kiran?

    2. One rotation of the carousel takes 12 seconds. How much faster does Mai travel than Kiran?

  5. Here are the diameters of four coins:

    coin  penny  nickel  dime  quarter 
    diameter 1.9 cm 2.1 cm 1.8 cm 2.4 cm 
    1. A coin rolls a distance of 33 cm in 5 rotations. Which coin is it?
    2. A quarter makes 8 rotations. How far did it roll?
    3. A dime rolls 41.8 cm. How many rotations did it make?