Lesson 15Equivalent Exponential Expressions
Let's investigate expressions with variables and exponents.
Learning Targets:
 I can find solutions to equations with exponents in a list of numbers.
 I can replace a variable with a number in an expression with exponents and operations and use the correct order to evaluate the expression.
15.1 Up or Down?
 Find the values of and for different values of .
1 2 3 4
 What patterns do you notice?
15.2 What's the Value?
Evaluate each expression for the given value of .

when is 10

when is

when is 4

when is

when is 1

when is
15.3 Exponent Experimentation
Find a solution to each equation in the list that follows. (Numbers in the list may be a solution to more than one equation, and not all numbers in the list will be used.)
List:
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
Are you ready for more?
This fractal is called a Sierpinski Tetrahedron. A tetrahedron is a polyhedron that has four faces. (The plural of tetrahedron is tetrahedra.)
The small tetrahedra form four mediumsized tetrahedra: blue, red, yellow, and green. The mediumsized tetrahedra form one large tetrahedron.
 How many small faces does this fractal have? Be sure to include faces you can’t see as well as those you can. Try to find a way to figure this out so that you don’t have to count every face.
 How many small tetrahedra are in the bottom layer, touching the table?
 To make an even bigger version of this fractal, you could take four fractals like the one pictured and put them together. Explain where you would attach the fractals to make a bigger tetrahedron.
 How many small faces would this bigger fractal have? How many small tetrahedra would be in the bottom layer?
 What other patterns can you find?
Lesson 15 Summary
In this lesson, we saw expressions that used the letter as a variable. We evaluated these expressions for different values of .
 To evaluate the expression when is 5, we replace the letter with 5 to get . This is equal to or just 250. So the value of is 250 when is 5.
 To evaluate when is 4, we replace the letter with 4 to get , which equals 2. So has a value of 2 when is 4.
We also saw equations with the variable and had to decide what value of would make the equation true.
 Suppose we have an equation and a list of possible solutions: . The only value of that makes the equation true is 2 because , which equals 90. So 2 is the solution to the equation.
Lesson 15 Practice Problems

Evaluate the following expressions if .

Evaluate each expression for the given value of .
 , is 3
 , is
 , is 5
 , is 6

Decide if the expressions have the same value. If not, determine which expression has the larger value.
 and
 and
 and
 and

Match each equation to its solution.

An adult pass at the amusement park costs 1.6 times as much as a child’s pass.

How many dollars does an adult pass cost if a child’s pass costs:
$5?
$10?
 A child’s pass costs $15. How many dollars does an adult pass cost?


Jada reads 5 pages every 20 minutes. At this rate, how many pages can she read in 1 hour?
 Use a double number line to find the answer.
 Use a table to find the answer.
pages read time in minutes 5 20  Explain which strategy you thinks works better in finding the answer.