Lesson 9Solutions of Inequalities
Let’s think about the solutions to inequalities.
Learning Targets:
 I can determine if a particular number is a solution to an inequality.
 I can explain what it means for a number to be a solution to an inequality.
 I can graph the solutions to an inequality on a number line.
9.1 Unknowns on a Number Line
The number line shows several points, each labeled with a letter.

Fill in each blank with a letter so that the inequality statements are true.
a. _______ > _______
b. _______ < _______
 Jada says that she found three different ways to complete the first question correctly. Do you think this is possible? Explain your reasoning.
 List a possible value for each letter on the number line based on its location.
9.2 Amusement Park Rides
Priya finds these height requirements for some of the rides at an amusement park.
to ride the . . .  you must be . . . 

High Bounce  between 55 and 72 inches tall 
ClimbAThon  under 60 inches tall 
TwirlOCoaster  58 inches minimum 

Write an inequality for each of the three height requirements. Use for the unknown height. Then, represent each height requirement on a number line.
High Bounce
ClimbAThon
TwirlOCoaster
Pause here for additional instructions from your teacher.
 Han’s cousin is 55 inches tall. Han doesn’t think she is tall enough to ride the High Bounce, but Kiran believes that she is tall enough. Do you agree with Han or Kiran? Be prepared to explain your reasoning.

Priya can ride the ClimbAThon, but she cannot ride the High Bounce or the TwirlOCoaster. Which, if any, of the following could be Priya’s height? Be prepared to explain your reasoning.
59 inches
53 inches
56 inches
 Jada is 56 inches tall. Which rides can she go on?
 Kiran is 60 inches tall. Which rides can he go on?
 The inequalities and represent the height restrictions, in inches, of another ride. Write three values that are solutions to both of these inequalities.
Are you ready for more?
 Represent the height restrictions for all three rides on a single number line, using a different color for each ride.
 Which part of the number line is shaded with all 3 colors?
 Name one possible height a person could be in order to go on all three rides.
9.3 What Number Am I?
Your teacher will give your group two sets of cards—one set shows inequalities and the other shows numbers. Arrange the inequality cards face up where everyone can see them. Stack the number cards face down and shuffle them.
To play:

Nominate one member of your group to be the detective. The other three players are clue givers.

One clue giver picks a number from the stack and shows it only to the other clue givers. Each clue giver then chooses an inequality that will help the detective identify the unknown number.

The detective studies the inequalities and makes three guesses.

If the detective cannot guess the number correctly, the clue givers must choose an additional inequality to help. Add as many inequalities as needed to help the detective identify the correct number.

When the detective succeeds, a different group member becomes the detective and everyone else is a clue giver.

Repeat the game until everyone has had a turn playing the detective.
Lesson 9 Summary
Let’s say a movie ticket costs less than $10. If represents the cost of a movie ticket, we can use to express what we know about the cost of a ticket.
Any value of that makes the inequality true is called a solution to the inequality.
For example, 5 is a solution to the inequality because (or “5 is less than 10”) is a true statement, but 12 is not a solution because (“12 is less than 10”) is not a true statement.
If a situation involves more than one boundary or limit, we will need more than one inequality to express it.
For example, if we knew that it rained for more than 10 minutes but less than 30 minutes, we can describe the number of minutes that it rained () with the following inequalities and number lines.
Any number of minutes greater than 10 is a solution to , and any number less than 30 is a solution to . But to meet the condition of “more than 10 but less than 30,” the solutions are limited to the numbers between 10 and 30 minutes, not including 10 and 30.
We can show the solutions visually by graphing the two inequalities on one number line.
Glossary Terms
A solution to an inequality is a number that can be used in place of the variable to make the inequality true
For example, 5 is a solution to the inequality , because it is true that . Some other solutions to this inequality are 9.9, 0, and 4.
Lesson 9 Practice Problems
 Select all numbers that are solutions to the inequality .
 4
 5
 6
 5.2
 5.01
 0.5
 Draw a number line to represent this inequality.
 Select all numbers that are solutions to the inequality .
A sign on the road says: “Speed limit, 60 miles per hour.”
 Let be the speed of a car. Write an inequality that matches the information on the sign.
 Draw a number line to represent the solutions to the inequality.
 Could 60 be a value of ? Explain your reasoning.
One day in Boston, MA, the high temperature was 60 degrees Fahrenheit, and the low temperature was 52 degrees.
 Write one or more inequalities to describe the temperatures that are between the high and low temperature on that day.
 Show the possible temperatures on a number line.
Select all the true statements.

Match each equation to its solution.
 2
 3
 4
 10

The price of a cell phone is usually $250. Elena’s mom buys one of these cell phones for $150. What percentage of the usual price did she pay?

Elena’s dad buys another type of cell phone that also usually sells for $250. He pays 75% of the usual price. How much did he pay?
