# Lesson 3 Radical Thinking Develop Understanding

## Jump Start

If

#### a.

Illustrate each of these rules for radicals with an example using numbers.

a.

b.

c.

#### b.

Show why each of these rules is true by rewriting the radical expressions using rational exponents.

a.

b.

c.

## Learning Focus

Change the form of radical expressions using properties of exponents.

Which is a more efficient way to change the form of a radical expression: using radicals or using exponents?

How do the properties of exponents help explain methods for representing and manipulating radicals?

## Open Up the Math: Launch, Explore, Discuss

Now that Tia and Tehani know that

Tia says she prefers radicals since she understands the following properties for radicals (and there are not too many properties to remember):

If

Tehani says she prefers exponents since she understands the following properties for exponents (and there are more properties to work with):

Both Tia and Tehani agree that it is important to understand the following rule that expresses the relationship between radicals and exponents:

Using their preferred notation, Tia might rewrite

(Tehani points out that Tia also used some exponent rules in her work.)

On the other hand, Tehani might rewrite

For each of the following problems, change the form of the expression in the ways you think Tia and Tehani might do it.

### 1.

Original expression:

What Tia and Tehani might do to change the form of the expression:

Tia’s method

Tehani’s method

### 2.

Original expression:

What Tia and Tehani might do to change the form of the expression:

Tia’s method

Tehani’s method

### 3.

Original expression:

What Tia and Tehani might do to change the form of the expression:

Tia’s method

Tehani’s method

### 4.

Original expression:

What Tia and Tehani might do to change the form of the expression:

Tia’s method

Tehani’s method

Now, try a few more using the method of your choice:

### 5.

Original expression:

What Tia and Tehani might do to change the form of the expression:

### 6.

Original expression:

What Tia and Tehani might do to change the form of the expression:

### 7.

Original expression:

What Tia and Tehani might do to change the form of the expression:

### 8.

One last thing: Explain why

## Ready for More?

Now we have a challenge: The answer to a problem is given in the last column. Your job is to create “the problem.” The problem must be equivalent to the answer given and contain rational exponents or radicals. Bonus for using negative exponents! After writing the problem, show how to change the form to get the answer provided. Challenge yourself to come up with the trickiest problems that you can!

Problem: | Steps: | Answer: | |||

1. | |||||

2. |

## Takeaways

Strategies for rewriting radical expressions, root

## Vocabulary

- radical
**Bold**terms are new in this lesson.

## Lesson Summary

In this lesson, we learned how to change the form of complicated radical and exponential expressions using the properties of radicals and exponents. Strategies for changing the form of radical expressions can be explained by converting the radical expressions to exponential form.

### 1.

Fill in the tables based on the given explicit equation. Be prepared to explain how the numbers in the equations connect with the values in the tables.

#### a.

#### b.

#### c.

### 2.

Find the