## A–F

- AA similarity theorem
- Unit 4 Lesson 3
Two triangles are similar if they have two corresponding angles that are congruent.

- acute angle
- Unit 1 Lesson 2, Unit 8 Lesson 6
An angle whose measure is between

and . is an acute angle. - acute triangle
- Unit 8 Lesson 6
A triangle with three acute angles.

Angles

, , and are all acute angles. Triangle

is an acute triangle. - adjacent
- Unit 4 Lesson 8
- adjacent angles
- Unit 3 Lesson 6
Two non-overlapping angles with a common vertex and one common side.

and are adjacent angles: - alternate exterior angles
- Unit 3 Lesson 6
A pair of angles formed by a transversal intersecting two lines. The angles lie outside of the two lines and are on opposite sides of the transversal.

See angles made by a transversal.

- alternate interior angles
- Unit 3 Lesson 6
A pair of angles formed by a transversal intersecting two lines. The angles lie between the two lines and are on opposite sides of the transversal.

See also angles made by a transversal.

- altitude
- Unit 3 Lesson 4, Unit 4 Lesson 7, Unit 6 Lesson 6
Altitude of a triangle:

A perpendicular segment from a vertex to the line containing the base.

Altitude of a solid:

A perpendicular segment from a vertex to the plane containing the base.

- Ambiguous Case of the Law of Sines
- Unit 8 Lesson 8
The Ambiguous Case of the Law of Sines occurs when we are given SSA information about the triangle. Because SSA does not guarantee triangle congruence, there are two possible triangles.

To avoid missing a possible solution for an oblique triangle under these conditions, use the Law of Cosines first to solve for the missing side. Using the quadratic formula to solve for the missing side will make both solutions become apparent.

- angle
- Unit 1 Lesson 4
Two rays that share a common endpoint called the vertex of the angle.

- angle bisector
- Unit 3 Lesson 4
A ray that has its endpoint at the vertex of the angle and divides the angle into two congruent angles.

- angle of depression/angle of elevation
- Unit 4 Lesson 10
Angle of depression: the angle formed by a horizontal line and the line of sight of a viewer looking down. Sometimes called the angle of decline.

Angle of elevation: the angle formed by a horizontal line and the line of sight of a viewer looking up. Sometimes called the angle of incline.

- angle of rotation
- Unit 1 Lesson 4
The fixed point a figure is rotated about is called the center of rotation. If one connects a point in the pre-image, the center of rotation, and the corresponding point in the image, they can see the angle of rotation. A counterclockwise rotation is a rotation in a positive direction. Clockwise is a negative rotation.

- angles associated with circles: central angle, inscribed angle, circumscribed angle
- Unit 5 Lesson 1, Unit 5 Lesson 4
Central angle: An angle whose vertex is at the center of a circle and whose sides pass through a pair of points on the circle.

Inscribed angle: An angle formed when two secant lines, or a secant and tangent line, intersect at a point on a circle.

Circumscribed angle: The angle made by two intersecting tangent lines to a circle.

- angles made by a transversal
- Unit 3 Lesson 6
- arc length
- Unit 5 Lesson 5, Unit 6 Lesson 3
The distance along the arc of a circle. Part of the circumference.

Equation for finding arc length:

Where

is the radius and is the central angle in radians. - arc of a circle, intercepted arc
- Unit 5 Lesson 1, Unit 5 Lesson 3
Arc: A portion of a circle.

Intercepted arc: The portion of a circle that lies between two lines, rays, or line segments that intersect the circle.