Lesson 10 Centers of a Triangle Practice Understanding

Ready

Figure 1 has been rotated about the midpoint in side to form Figure 2. Figure 1 was then translated to the right along so that coincides with to form Figure 3.

Triangle ABC rotated 180 degrees about BC to create A'BC. Triangle ABC translated to form CA'C" Figure 1Figure 2Figure 3

1.

Use Figure 3 to explain how you know the exterior angle is equal to the sum of the remote interior angles and .

2.

Use Figure 3 to explain how you know the sum of the angles in a triangle is always .

3.

Use Figure 2 to explain how you know the sum of the angles in a quadrilateral is always .

4.

Use Figure 2 to explain how you know the opposite angles in a parallelogram are congruent.

5.

Use Figure 2 to explain how you know the opposite sides in a parallelogram are parallel and congruent.

6.

Use Figure 2 to explain how you know when two parallel lines are crossed by a transversal, the alternate interior angles are congruent.

7.

Use Figure 2 and/or 3 to explain how you know when two parallel lines are crossed by a transversal, the same-side interior angles are supplementary.

Set

Use the diagram for problems 8–10.

a venn diagram with the triangles ABC and ABD in the center

8.

Prove that is an altitude of . Given

Write a two-column proof.

9.

Prove that is an isosceles triangle. (You can choose the format of the proof you would like—paragraph, two-column, flow, etc.)

Given

10.

Prove that . (You can choose the proof format.)

11.

Construct the inscribed circle for the triangle.

a triangle

12.

Construct the circumscribed circle for the triangle.

a triangle

13.

Why is the intersection of the perpendicular bisectors of the three sides of a triangle the circumcenter of the triangle? In other words, why is the point of intersection of these segments the center of the circle that circumscribes the triangle? Construct the perpendicular bisector for the segment . Pick any point on the perpendicular bisector, and connect it to points and . What is true about and ? Will this be true no matter where you place point ?

Line segment AB

Go

Use what you know about triangles and parallelograms to find each measure.

Parallelogram YXWZ. Line segment YX, XW, WZ, and YZ are marked congruent. WZ is 30 m, X to intersection of diagonals is 24 m and angle ZWY is 55 degrees.
Parallelogram EFGH with diagonals FH and EG that intersect at point L. Angle GLH is 80 degrees, Angle LHG is 68 degrees, and angle HEL is 27 degrees. Line segment LH is 10 cm, EH is 22 cm, and LG is 18 cm.

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