Lesson 12: Using Graphs to Compare Relationships

Let’s graph more than one relationship on the same grid.

12.1: Number Talk: Fraction Multiplication and Division

Find each product or quotient mentally.

$\frac23 \boldcdot \frac12$

$\frac43 \boldcdot \frac14$

$4 \div \frac15$

$\frac96 \div \frac12$

12.2: Race to the Bumper Cars

Diego, Lin, and Mai went from the ticket booth to the bumper cars. Descriptions and tables representing their journeys are below.

1. Read each description and complete each table.

  • Diego left the ticket booth at the same time as Tyler. Diego jogged ahead at a steady pace and reached the bumper cars in 30 seconds.
  • Lin left the ticket booth at the same time as Tyler. She ran at a steady pace and arrived at the bumper cars in 20 seconds.
  • Mai left the booth 10 seconds later than Tyler. Her steady jog enabled her to catch up with Tyler just as he arrived at the bumper cars.
row 1 Diego's time (seconds) Diego's distance (meters)
row 2 0  
row 3 15  
row 4 30 50
row 5 1  
row 1 Lin's time (seconds) Lin's distance (meters)
row 2   0
row 3   25
row 4 20 50
row 5 1  
row 1 Mai's time (seconds) Mai's distance (meters)
row 2   0
row 3   25
row 4 40 50
row 5 1  

2. Draw a graph for each person’s journey, including Tyler's (from before).

  • Drag the names to the correct lines to label them.
  • If you choose to, you can use the Paint Brush tool to change the color of each line. Select the tool, click on a color in the palette below the graph, and then click on a line. Click on the Move tool (the arrow) before changing to a new paint brush color.
  • You can hide any points you create with the checkbox below the graph.

GeoGebra Applet QAhNg5Su


3. For Tyler, Diego, and Lin, which person is moving the most quickly? How is that reflected in the graph?

12.3: Space Rocks and the Price of Rope

Meteoroid Perseid 245 and an unknown asteroid were traveling through the solar system.

Explore the applet to learn about the distance they had each traveled after a given time.

GeoGebra Applet G5vPFZMv

Is Asteroid x traveling faster or slower than Perseid 245? Explain how you know.


Here is a graph that shows the price of blueberries at two different stores. Which store has a better price?

We can compare points that have the same $x$ value or the same $y$ value. For example, the points $(2, 12)$ and $(3, 12)$ tell us that at store B you can get more pounds of blueberries for the same price.

The points $(3, 12)$ and $(3, 18)$ tell us that at store A you have to pay more for the same quantity of blueberries. This means store B has the better price.

We can also use the graphs to compare the constants of proportionality. The line representing store B goes through the point $(1, 4)$, so the constant of proportionality is 4. This tells us that at store B the blueberries cost \$4 per pound. This is cheaper than the \$6 per pound unit price at store A.

Practice Problems ▶