# Lesson 16: Finding Cone Dimensions

Let’s figure out the dimensions of cones.

## 16.1: Number Talk: Thirds

For each equation, decide what value, if any, would make it true.

$27=\frac13h$

$27=\frac13r^2$

$12\pi=\frac13\pi a$

$12\pi=\frac13\pi b^2$

The volume $V$ of a cone with radius $r$ is given by the formula $V=\frac13 \pi r^2h$.

The volume of this cone with height 3 units and radius $r$ is $V=64\pi$ cubic units. This statement is true:

$$64\pi =\frac13 \pi r^2 \boldcdot 3$$ What does the radius of this cone have to be? Explain how you know.

## 16.3: Cones with Unknown Dimensions

Each row of the table has some information about a particular cone. Complete the table with the missing dimensions.

diameter (units) radius (units) area of the base (square units) height (units) volume of cone (cubic units)
row 1   4   3
row 2   $\frac{1}{3}$   6
row 3     $36\pi$ $\frac14$
row 4 20       $200\pi$
row 5       12 $64\pi$
row 6       3 3.14

## 16.4: Popcorn Deals

A movie theater offers two containers:

Which container is the better value? Use 3.14 as an approximation for $\pi$.

## Summary

As we saw with cylinders, the volume $V$ of a cone depends on the radius $r$ of the base and the height $h$:

$$V=\frac13 \pi r^2h$$

If we know the radius and height, we can find the volume. If we know the volume and one of the dimensions (either radius or height), we can find the other dimension.

For example, imagine a cone with a volume of $64\pi$ cm3, a height of 3 cm, and an unknown radius $r$. From the volume formula, we know that

$$64 \pi = \frac{1}{3}\pi r^2 \boldcdot 3$$

Looking at the structure of the equation, we can see that $r^2 = 64$, so the radius must be 8 cm.

Now imagine a different cone with a volume of $18 \pi$ cm3, a radius of 3 cm, and an unknown height $h$. Using the formula for the volume of the cone, we know that

$$18 \pi = \frac{1}{3} \pi 3^2h$$

so the height must be 6 cm. Can you see why?