# Lesson 16: Finding the Percentage

Let’s find percentages in general.

## 16.1: True or False: Percentages

Is each statement true or false? Be prepared to explain your reasoning.

1. 25% of 512 is equal to $\frac14 \boldcdot 500$.
2. 90% of 133 is equal to $(0.9) \boldcdot 133$.
3. 30% of 44 is equal to 3% of 440.
4. The percentage 21 is of 28 is equal to the percentage 30 is of 40.

## 16.2: Jumping Rope

A school held a jump-roping contest. Diego jumped rope for 20 minutes.

1. Jada jumped rope for 15 minutes. What percentage of Diego’s time is that?

2. Lin jumped rope for 24 minutes. What percentage of Diego’s time is that?

3. Noah jumped rope for 9 minutes. What percentage of Diego’s time is that?

4. Record your answers in this table. Write the quotients in the last column as decimals.
time (minutes) percentage $\text{time} \div 20$
row 1 Diego 20 100 $\frac{20}{20} = 1\text{ }$
row 2 Jada 15   $\frac{15}{20} = \text{ }$
row 3 Lin 24   $\frac{24}{20} = \text{ }$
row 4 Noah 9   $\frac{9}{20} = \text{ }$
5. What do you notice about the numbers in the last two columns of the table?

## 16.3: Restaurant Capacity

A restaurant has a sign by the front door that says, “Maximum occupancy: 75 people.” Answer each question and explain or show your reasoning.

1. What percentage of its capacity is 9 people?
2. What percentage of its capacity is 51 people?
3. What percentage of its capacity is 84 people?

## Summary

What percentage of 90 kg is 36 kg? One way to solve this problem is to first find what percentage 1 kg is of 90, and then multiply by 36. From the table we can see that 1 kg is $\left(\frac{1}{90}\boldcdot 100\right) \%$, so 36 kg is $\left(\frac{36}{90}\boldcdot 100\right) \%$ or 40% of 90. We can confirm this on a double number line: In general, to find what percentage a number $C$ is of another number $B$ is to calculate $\frac{C}{B}$ of 100%. We can find do that by multiplying: $$\frac{C}{B}\boldcdot 100$$

Suppose a school club has raised \$88 for a project but needs a total of \$160. What percentage of its goal has the club raised?

To find what percentage \$88 is of \$160, we find $\frac {88}{160}$ of 100% or $\frac {88}{160} \boldcdot 100$, which equals $\frac {11}{20} \boldcdot 100$ or 55. The club has raised 55% of its goal.