# Lesson 5: Comparing Speeds and Prices

Let’s compare some speeds and some prices.

## 5.1: Closest Quotient

Is the value of each expression closer to $\frac12$, 1, or $1\frac12$?

1. $20\div 18$
1. $9\div 20$
1. $7\div 5$

## 5.2: More Treadmills

Some students did treadmill workouts, each one running at a constant speed. Answer the questions about their workouts. Explain or show your reasoning.

• Tyler ran 4,200 meters in 30 minutes.
• Kiran ran 6,300 meters in $\frac12$ hour.
• Mai ran 6.3 kilometers in 45 minutes.
1. What is the same about the workouts done by:

1. Tyler and Kiran?
2. Kiran and Mai?
3. Mai and Tyler?
2. At what rate did each of them run?
3. How far did Mai run in her first 30 minutes on the treadmill?

## 5.3: The Best Deal on Beans

Four different stores posted ads about special sales on 15-oz cans of baked beans.

1. Which store is offering the best deal? Explain your reasoning.
1. The last store listed is also selling 28-oz cans of baked beans for \$1.40 each. How does that price compare to the other prices? ## Summary Diego ran 3 kilometers in 20 minutes. Andre ran 2,550 meters in 17 minutes. Who ran faster? Since neither their distances nor their times are the same, we have two possible strategies: • Find the time each person took to travel the same distance. The person who traveled that distance in less time is faster. • Find the distance each person traveled in the same time. The person who traveled a longer distance in the same amount of time is faster. It is often helpful to compare distances traveled in 1 unit of time (1 minute, for example), which means finding the speed such as meters per minute. Let’s compare Diego and Andre’s speeds in meters per minute. distance (meters) time (minutes) row 1 3,000 20 row 2 1,500 10 row 3 150 1 distance (meters) time (minutes) row 1 2,550 17 row 2 150 1 Both Diego and Andre ran 150 meters per minute, so they ran at the same speed. Finding ratios that tell us how much of quantity$A$per 1 unit of quantity$B\$ is an efficient way to compare rates in different situations. Here are some familiar examples:

• Car speeds in miles per hour.
• Fruit and vegetable prices in dollars per pound.